- Nail Anatomy
- How do nails grow?
- How fast do nails grow?
- Tips & tricks for super-long nails
- The takeaways
A set of natural-looking nails are something most women dream of...and today we're going to help you make this dream a reality!
The key to a modelesque manicure goes way beyond polishes and filing. The nail is complex thing and in order for it to grow and strengthen, it must be both cared for and nourished correctly.
Knowledge equals power and nails are no different. Better understanding of the nail anatomy means better understanding of what it requires to grow and long and strong.
Your nail might look like one solid sheet, but it's actually made up of layers. These layers are made of a protein called Keratin, which is also a component of hair and skin. The half-moon at the base of your nail is called the Lunula, and the slither of white that lines the top of your nail is the free edge.
We'll discuss the matrix and cuticle in more detail later on.
How do nails grow?
The part of the nail visible to the human eye is actually dead. The section at the base of the nail, the matrix, is the only area which contains living cells. New cells grow from the matrix, and as they do, they push old ones along, increasing the length of our nail.
Growing your nails requires learning how to take care of both the matrix and the nail bed.
How fast do nails grow?
The average nail growth is around 2-3mm a month, however, some people find their nails growing at a much faster or slower rate.
Remember - the cells themselves aren't actually increasing in size but simply accumulating and pushing old ones along as they do. In order to achieve length, you need to ensure these cells are both healthy and also well-maintained once they've lost contact with the matrix.
Tips & tricks for super long nails
There has been much speculation in the past over just what encourages our nails to grow at a set rate. Theories include:
- Metabolism and blood flow - physician, William Bean, discovered his nail growth rate slowed significantly after the age of 50.
- Injury - an Oxford dermatologist named Rodney Dawber saw a lesser rate of growth in a hand that had been injured in a rugby match, than the other, uninjured hand. This suggested that the prominent hand achieved a faster rate of growth, as the blood vessels were more stimulated.
- Usage - how often we use our body parts could also explain why our fingernails grow faster than our toenails.
While more active fingers, a higher metabolism and avoiding injury may indeed contribute to longer nails, they're not very reliable or realistic methods of growing yourself a set of fabulous fingernails. It's time to find out what you can do to improve your nail health, and get the nails you've always dreamed of.
Pick the right emery board
If you want to grow long nails, regular filing is essential.
An ideal emery board shouldn't be too rough, as this can lead to small fissures and cracks that cause your nail to tear. Instead, go for something semi-smooth, that can be used to gently and slowly file your nail down into the desired shape.
Have you noticed that your nails look almost opaque after cleaning the house? The chemicals in the majority of cleaning products will have an adverse effect on the strength of your nails, causing dryness and damage them - just as they would the skin.
Wearing a pair of rubber gloves is an easy way to prevent this and help you on your quest to grow long nails.
Don't cut your cuticles
Despite what you may have heard, cutting your cuticles is never a good idea.
The cuticle is the layer of skin that covers and protects the matrix (remember, this is where the new nail cells grow from) so it's important to care for it properly and keep it intact.
By removing it completely, we leave the matrix exposed to germs and bacteria, which can lead to fungal infections - not exactly the modelesque manicure you had in mind!
These infections will lead to weak cells and dimish your hopes of growing strong nails.
We're not done here yet! Keep learning how to get long nails with more great beauty tips below.
Moisturise dry cuticles
Instead of removing your cuticles, focus on caring for them. Without any TLC, they'll become stiff and may also get stuck to the nail plate, preventing them from doing their job properly.
In order to keep your cuticles supple, matrix protected, and grow healthy new nail cells, you should moisturise your cuticles daily. They should also be gently pushed back on a regular basis - a process most easily carried out after you've showered and they have softened.
Try a nail growth supplement
We know that vitamins are good for us, but with regards to nail health, it's a particular member of the vitamin B family that will really do wonders.
Biotin has been found to increase nail thickness in several studies. A thicker nail means less chance of breakages or splitting so your nails will stay longer...for longer.
Don't use your nails as tools
Are you guilty of turning to your nails when you need to scratch off a stubborn sticker or remove a stuck object?
While your nails may feel strong, the delicate layers are easily damaged. If you really want to grow long nails, don't treat them as tools! Treating them gently will prevent splitting and flaking and mean you don't have to get those clippers out.
File your nails correctly
Remember, your nails are made up of very thin layers, which means they must be treated delicately - that goes for filing too.
Save the sawing back and forth for your woodwork - your nail file should be used in one direction only, with only a small amount of pressure applied to ensure even, gentle filing.
Keeping your nails as dry as possible
After a long, hot soak in the bath, you'll notice that your nails are softer and more flexible. This is OK every now and then, but prolonged and repeated exposure to water will weaken your nails and contribute to splitting.
When they do become soft, stay away from arduous tasks for a while until they have regained their prior strength.
Treat hangnails with care
We've all been there: a little hangnail we think will tear away easily ends up taking half of our nail off with it, leaving it half the size it was before. Not only does this process shorten your nail, but it will damage the delicate layers it's composed of too.
I know it can be tempting to pull these annoying tears straight off, but you'll do much more damage than good in the process.
If you're committed to getting long nails, be sure to carry a nail file in your handbag at all times, and you'll never have to deal with the mess - or pain - of a torn hangnail again.
Avoid nail polish
There's quite a lot of controversy regarding whether a layer of protective nail varnish is beneficial or detrimental to nail health.
We know it looks pretty but don't go overboard with glamming up your nails. The chemicals in polish and nail varnish remover don't do nails any good, especially if they're already brittle.
Learn to nourish and look after your nails correctly, and you'll find they look just as lovely au-natural.
Eat a balanced diet diet
It may be lat but it's certainly not least. Like most things beauty, diet is probably the biggest contributing when it comes to nail growth.
We can't stress how important a varied, nutritious diet is to overall nail health enough. Even if you slack off on your nail maintenance, a healthy diet will always give the building bricks to start back strong.
Some of the most important nutrients for nail growth and health include:
- Protein - keratin, the tough, protective material our nails are made of is a protein, which is why eating enough protein is so important to nail growth. Ensure you get the recommended daily allowance of 0.8g per kilogram of body weight.
- Fruit and vegetables - fresh produce contains many essential nutrients, including many vitamins and minerals.
- Magnesium - pumpkin seeds (sigh) and dark chocolate (wahoo!) serve as all-natural anti-stress solutions, preventing things like ridges from appearing on your nail plate.
- Seafood - prawns and other shellfish contains heaps of zinc, which is essential in the biological production of the protein which forms and maintains nails.
- Biotin - Remember that biotin we were talking about earlier? Well, it can be found in one of our favourite breakfast foods - eggs.
The most important things to bear in mind with regards to nail health is that they are just as much a part of you as any other body part.
Just as your teeth will rot if you have a poor diet and don't brush them, your nails will grow weak and grow less if they are not cared for.
If you're really determined to get gorgeous nails, nourish your body and your nails will be nourished too. Once they lengthen, look after them - it really is that simple!
I hope my tips help you get the long strong nails you've always dreamed of! Do you have any tips and tricks that work for your own nails?